Millennials, it turns out, aren’t all shook up about Elvis Presley. In fact, most of them wouldn’t even get the admittedly cheesy reference.
On the 40th anniversary of Elvis’s death, I’d like to focus on a recent Guardian news story that draws on the results of a YouGov poll of 2,034 Britons. Their survey suggests that 29 percent of 18- to 24-year-olds had never listened to a Presley song. A mere eight percent of those in the age group listened to the singer monthly, while no one listened to him daily.
Moreover, only 12 percent of these respondents said they liked Presley “a lot,” whereas The Beatles (23 percent) and the artist that shared a birthday with Elvis, the great Dame David Bowie, (25 percent) seemed to appeal significantly more to the under-24 set.
According to Spotify, Elvis was streamed 382 million times in 2016; a number that was implied to be woeful compared to those of Bowie (600 million), Michael Jackson (600 million) and The Beatles (1.3 billion).
It shouldn’t really be surprising that Presley, who once triggered something like mass teenage hysteria but last set foot in a studio in 1975, no longer resonates with younger generations the way he once did. It’s way more anomalous and surprising that someone like ex-Beatle Paul McCartney, who turned 75 in June, has anything resembling an active millennial fan base, judging by his many, many, many adoring young female fans on social media.
“Do we worry about Picasso appealing to millennials?” asks Kim Adelman, author of The Girls’ Guide to Elvis: The Clothes, The Hair, The Women, and More! “How many other performers are we still talking about that hit it big in 1956, or died in 1977?”
“When you released that first record, did you think you would have such a successful career as you have?”
“No, I don’t think anyone did, did we, Mr. Philips? [laughter] I don’t think so. Nobody had any idea, really.”
Of course, there are certain elements of the Elvis legacy that a younger generation might smirk or balk at. The swaggering, rhinestone jumpsuited Elvis impersonators—with a little help from The Simpsons and even the Pet Shop Boys (above)—have arguably turned the iconic image into something of a cartoon.
And there’s no escaping the embarrassment of Presley’s physical decline in his later years, with one New York City restaurant offering free fried peanut butter and banana sandwiches to commemorate his death anniversary.
More seriously damaging to Elvis’s reputation is the belief that he usurped the sound of groundbreaking black artists such as Ike Turner and Chuck Berry. It’s a charge that has persisted despite an older generation of black artists who defended Presley against it: “A lot of people have accused Elvis of stealing the black man’s music,” noted soul singer Jackie Wilson, “when in fact, almost every black solo entertainer copied his stage mannerisms from Elvis.”
Perhaps slightly more unsavoury today is Presley’s perceived predilection for minors, including his wife, Priscilla, who was 14—10 years his junior—when they first met. Though such shenanigans can’t detract from the historical influence ‘Elvis the Pelvis’ had on future performers, particularly Michael Jackson, who went on to marry Presley’s daughter Lisa Marie absolutely for real love.
As a musical artist, there is a kind of historical divide between Elvis Presley, who introduced a multitude of young people to the concept of white rock’n’roll, and The Beatles, who—inspired by Presley’s example—went on to elevate the form to a level of creativity and experimentation hitherto unseen in popular music.
Presley, whose principal iconic moment is gyratingly performing Hound Dog on television in 1956 with a double-bassist plucking away and grinning behind him, has the patina of a far more distant age about him, when the world was in unrelatable black-and-white.
The Beatles’ relentless musical experiments, innovative production techniques and technicolor outfits, from 1966’s Revolver onwards, feel sonically audacious even today. But, by John Lennon’s own account, “Nothing affected me until I heard Elvis. Without Elvis, there would be no Beatles.” For George Harrison, hearing Heartbreak Hotel was a “rock’n’roll epiphany”—he became guitar-obsessed after encountering it.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2YQeWHg-Ft4
In the end, Presley’s resonance with 21st-century teens and twenty-somethings as a whole may be limited to a select few, but does that matter? His impact on the equivalent demographic in the Fifties was nothing short of revelatory, and music has never been the same. No wonder Frank Sinatra felt threatened. The King had just been crowned.
In 2015, Spotify launched a tool called the The Elvis Influence, which algorithmically charts the musical degrees of separation between Presley and any other artist you’d care to enter into the search bar. This allows one to trace the influences of Justin Bieber back to Michael Jackson, who was in turn inspired by Paul McCartney, who took cues from Presley. Ed Sheeran, on the other hand, was influenced by Nina Nesbitt, who was inspired by Nirvana, who looked to Neil Young and David Bowie, who were obviously influenced by Presley.
And, for the younger people who are so inclined—such as that aforementioned 12 percent who like The King “a lot”—Presley’s music and movies are still out there to be discovered. It’s probably also relevant to point out that a 2012 poll by the same firm found that 95 percent of Britons thought Elvis Presley was dead, while 12 percent of them believed the moon landing in the summer of ’69 never happened.
The owners of Graceland, Elvis Presley Enterprises, had only had their brand new Graceland Guesthouse open for business next door for just three weeks when we visited in November last year. Naturally we just had to stay there. A thousand thanks to the press office for the VIP tour of both properties, and the additional exhibits.
Ladies and gentlemen, Steve has left the building.
Featured image ©Sasha Laskowsky-Ziguilinsky
My review of Can’t Help Falling In Love: The Hollywood Hits for Record Collector magazine is here